Luxor also known as the greatest open air-museum in the world or as Thebes by ancient Egyptians; is an extraordinary and extremely magical City. It is basically the capital of Luxor governorate and lies in Upper Egypt, with a population of over a million Egyptian. Thousands of tourists come from all over the world annually to explore this amazing city and see Egypt’s magical sites there.


The city is very rich in History as it had so much importance in the 11th dynasty, when the town grew into a thriving city. It also played a very important role as Egypt’s capital in the new Kingdom/ The golden age (1549-1609 BC) and it was called Thebes as mentioned above. Moreover, the glorious city became a main place to worship God Amun or Amun-Ra in the North accompanied by his wife goddess “Mut and his son God “Khonsu” (God of the Moon), also let me remark as a side note; there were so many gods and goddesses across Egypt and each district had its own God/Goddess but the country as a whole had a major God.


Thebes played a prominent role in invading forces of “Hyksos” (pastoral tribes who came from East Asia to occupy Egypt and usurp its wealth, later on they were kicked outside Egypt by King Ahmos). And from the beginning of the 18th dynasty to the 20th dynasty the city had risen as the political, religious and military capital of Egypt. Even though, the capital was changed many times after that from Bubastis to Alexandria and currently Cairo but Luxor still remains one of the most important cities in Egypt.


The city’s famous activity is tourism, and the sites around there can be categorized as two categories; East bank and West bank. There is a very interesting reason behind this one which is; Ancient Egyptian’s life revolved around the idea of After life and the whole Egyptian mythology talked about this, even their life style was based on their relationship with God and that they will not eventually die but continue their life in another dimension. However, they defined the East bank as the city of living where the sun rose and people thrived, and on the other hand the west bank as the city of dead where the sunset and people journeyed in the afterlife!


You can enjoy the clear bright sun in the summer and warm sunshine in the winter, you can explore the mix between the old and new modern city of Luxor Nile cruising anytime in the year and visit so much sites such as:



It's one of the most beautiful attractions is Luxor, located on the east bank of the River Nile and it was constructed approximately around 1400 BCE. Unlike temples in Thebes this temple was dedicated to the renewal of the Kingship; it has been where many pharaohs of Egypt were crowned in reality or conceptually. The temple was built in the new kingdom and dedicated to the Theban triad consisted of Amun, his consort Mut and their son Khonsu, In the ancient Egyptian Luxor temple was known as “the southern sanctuary”.



It is also known as the valley of the gates of the kings, the valley stands on the west bank of the Nile, opposite Thebes within the heart of the Theban necropolis. It consists of 2 valleys, East valley (where the majority of the royal tombs are situated) and west valley. However, this spot was the principal burial place for all the major royal figures of the Egyptian kingdom, as well as number of privileged nobles.


Most of the Royal tombs found there was decorated with scenes from the ancient Egyptian mythology and gives clues& funerary practices of the period but unfortunately almost all tombs have been opened and robbed from thieves throughout ages and centuries.The area has been considered as a focus of archeological and Egyptological explorations since the end of the 18th century, and its tombs and burials continue to stimulate research and interest. In modern times it brought more attention due to the discovery of the famous Tomb of the Boy king Tutankhamun.




It was built in the 18th dynasty pharaoh Hatshepsut, the amazing Egyptian queen built carrying her name this mind-blowing temple. The queen died in 1458 BC. The temple is located beneath the cliffs at Deir El Bahri on the west bank of the Nile near valley of the kings and considered one of the incomparable monuments in the ancient Egyptian history.The mortuary temple was dedicated to Amun and Hatshepsut, it’s also situated next to the mortuary temple of Amenhotep II which served as both inspiration and later a quarry.



  • Karnak Temple:


One of Egypt’s famous attractions and was shot in it many films in the cinema industry, The Karnak Temple construction process began at the reign of the middle Kingdom around
(2000-1700 BC) and continued into the Ptolemaic period (305-400 BC).It consists of four parts in which only the largest part is open for public, one famous aspect of the temple is the great Hypostyle hall in the precent of Amun-Re, a massive column arranged in 16 rows. The architraves on top of these columns weighs about 70 tombs.



  • Colossi of Memnon:


The Colossi of Memnon are two giant status of the King Amenhotep II, they stood in Theban necropolis, on the west bank of the River Nile, Luxor Egypt. The twin status is in seating position, hand resting on his knees and his gaze face eastwards. They depict the seated King on a throne associated with his wife and mother.


The status is made from blocks of quartzite sand stone which was quarried at Gabal El Ahmar (a place currently near Cairo) and it was transported 657 km to Luxor. It is believed that the stones were transported across the Nile because they were so heavy. This large complex was destroyed except of some remains as a result of earthquakes and floods in Egypt but even tho all of both phenomena they are still standing strong from thousands of years.


So, you may be asking yourself who is Memnon??, Memnon was the hero of the Trojan war who led the army from Africa toward Asia to defend the constricted city. So, the status generally refers to the entire Theban necropolis as the “Menmonium” and they were acting as the guardians to the temple of Amenhotep II, it was meant to protect the temple from evil. 





And there are also:

  • Madinet Habu
  • Deir Al Medinah (Workers’ Village)
  • The Ramesseum
  • The Tombs of the Nobles
  • Valley of the Queens



Also, there are so much activities to there such as: